Lead has been used as a constituent in many products and applications for centuries. As a result, many people, especially children, have the potential to be exposed to lead, sometimes resulting in serious health issues. While exposure to lead is a concern for all, childhood lead-poisoning is one of the most common and preventable pediatric health problems in the U.S. today.
Regulatory agencies have made efforts to reduce child lead exposure. Lead-based paint (LBP) regulations restrict the amount of lead in paints; ban the use of paint containing more than 0.06% lead by weight on interior and exterior residential surfaces, toys and furniture. Housing and Urban Development (HUD) regulations also require disclosure of known LBP and/or LBP hazards by persons selling or leasing target housing (Pre 1978). In addition they require training and licenses for individuals conducting LBP activities in target housing and child-occupied facilities. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards also provide work practice guidance for the potential to track lead containing dust and debris outside of the work area and into child-occupied areas.